They often become great and prosperous, but this excites envy and opposition. follows the object. And Ecclesiastes 4:15 tells us that everyone followed that new king who was the formerly poor wise child who came out of prison. "These two paragraphs on labor view it from different perspectives; first, from the perspective of envy, and secondly, from the perspective of solitariness. The fool foldeth his hands together, and eateth his own flesh. "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". To devour one's own flesh is to work one's own ruin (compare Isaiah 49:20). Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". (Calmet). 1876. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". 1999-2014. travail = toil, as connected with trouble, sorrow. and to this sense Jarchi; compare with this, Philemon 1:15. The margin gives here the true sense, or at least the better, This springs from a man’s jealousy towards his neighbour. Better a poor and wise youth Than an old and foolish king who will be admonished no more. 4 Then I saw that all toil and all skill in work come from a man’s envy of his neighbor. This is also vanity and vexation of spirit. 4:9,10,11,12. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cpc/ecclesiastes-4.html. "[5] Another view of the fool mentioned here is that he represents the envious man. Ecclesiastes 6:4 "For he cometh in with vanity, and departeth in darkness, and his name shall be covered with darkness. " Here again we find thoughts that are identifiable with Solomon, as in Proverbs 15:16-17; 17:1 and in Proverbs 16:8: ANOTHER WORD ON THE WORTHLESSNESS OF LABOR. Therefore the encouragement to do good, to act an upright part, is very little. Eccl. 11 De même, si deux couchent ensemble, ils auront chaud; mais celui qui est seul, comment aura-t-il chaud? "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". Based Ecc. Deux valent mieux qu'un ; car ils ont un meilleur salaire de leur travail. (See Note on Ecclesiastes 2:21.). A man is envied — Jealousy is here a more fitting term than envy, for envy relates to what is now in possession, jealousy to what is now in process of acquirement. 1832. The principal passage is Proverbs 6:9-11 : "How long wilt thou lie, O sluggard? Some people have no friends. 5 The fool b folds his hands and c eats his own flesh. Ecclesiastes 4:4 Again, I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbour. (13-16) The vanity of fame and its short life. Peshitta, Targum, and Talmud attribute the authorship of the book to King Solomon. Joseph Benson's Commentary. I just seems that whenever we get something really nice, someone tries to shoot us down or find a flaw in our selection. I believe that many of us have experienced the above. This is the same Hebrew term "a second" (BDB 1040) from Eccl. כשרון is employed in the sense of "skill, ability," here also.—That this is the envy of a man from his neighbour:—the end of the whole matter is that a man is envied by his neighbour; Vulgate, "eum patere invidae proximi." Envied — Instead of honour, he meets with envy and obloquy. Better is a handful with quietness, than two handfuls and striving after wind. 4:12b). I. Ecclésiaste 5.4. Venet., by rendering here and at Ecclesiastes 2:24 כּשׁרון , by καθαρότης , betrays himself as a Jew. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/ecclesiastes-4.html. When wilt thou arise out of sleep? "First, the competitive urge….We may quibble if we will, and remind him (Solomon) of such people as solitary castaways or needy peasants, who toil simply to keep alive, or those artists who really love perfection for its own sake; but the fact remains that all too much of our hard work and high endeavor is mixed with the craving to outshine or not to be outshone. and ruin themselves. 2:24-26; 3:12,13,22; 5:18; 9:7-9. From the sad lot of victims innocently suffering from tyrannical persecution and oppression (1–3), the description proceeds directly to the more lucky but not more innocent condition of persons consumed with envy, dissatisfaction, and jealousy, and who with toilsome efforts chase after the treasures of this earth. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. BibliographyHengstenberg, Ernst. 4. 3. Looking with jealous envy on the successful rivals of their struggles, and with scorn on those less fortunate, who are contented with a more modest lot, III. From the sad lot of victims innocently suffering from tyrannical persecution and oppression, II. Church Pulpit Commentary. It does not seem to matter what we do. than two handfuls with toil. 4 ¶ Again, I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is a envied of his neighbour. Again, I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbour. 1983-1999. Others, seeing the vexations of an active course, foolishly expect more satisfaction in sloth and idleness. All other rights reserved. BibliographyWesley, John. That for this a man is envied of his neighbour.] III. There follow after, the words: "and to a man who has not laboured therein must he give it." Looking with jealous envy on the successful rivals of their struggles, and with scorn on those less fortunate, who are contented with a more modest lot (4–6).—Then follow reflections regarding the happiness of such persons as have risen through the abundance of their goods to a distinguished and influential position in human society, but. 4:8 used in Eccl. Ecclesiastes 4:4. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". I have seen that every labor and every skill which is done is the result of rivalry between a man and his neighbor. The word כשרין, which occurs only in Koheleth, is rendered by the LXX. Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Devotion to Business springs from Jealous Competition, Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, "First, the competitive urge….We may quibble if we will, and remind him (Solomon) of such people as solitary castaways or needy peasants, who toil simply to keep alive, or those artists who really love perfection for its own sake; but the fact remains that all too much of our hard work and high endeavor is mixed with the craving to outshine or not to be outshone. 9 Deux valent mieux qu'un, parce qu'ils retirent un bon salaire de leur travail. Then he becomes a living soul. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". In all such statements as this, Solomon's viewpoint is centered absolutely upon the present world, taking into account no thought whatever of God. All rights reserved worldwide. Then I returned, and I saw vanity under the sun. 4. This is also true of moral works; which are right, when done from a right principle, from love to God, in faith, and with a view to the glory of God; and which when done, and ever so well done, draw upon a man the envy of the wicked, as may be observed in the case of Cain and Abel, 1 John 3:12; though some understand this, not passively, of the envy which is brought upon a man, and he endures, for the sake of the good he excels in; but actively, of the spirit of emulation with which he does it; though the work he does, as to the matter of it, is right; yet the manner of doing it, and the spirit with which he does it, are wrong; he does not do it with any good affection to the thing itself, nor with any good design, only from a spirit of emulation to outdo his neighbour: so the Targum paraphrases it, "this is the emulation that a man emulates his neighbour, to do as he; if he emulates him to do good, the heavenly Word does good to him; but if he emulates him to do evil, the heavenly Word does evil to him;'. BibliographyNicoll, William R. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". IV. This [is] also vanity and vexation of spirit. Which naturally rob labor and talent of lasting enjoyment. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/ecclesiastes-4.html. Read verse in Riveduta 1927 (Italian) I saw all the living who walk under the sun; They were with the second youth who stands in his place. 4 1 “For indeed the day 2 is coming, burning like a furnace, and all the arrogant evildoers will be chaff. Copyright © 2019 by Zondervan. Sowing discord among brethren is an abomination in the eyes of the Lord. When men gather grapes from thorns and figs from thistles, then, but not before, we may look to find a satisfying good in "all the toil and all the dexterity in toil" which spring from this "jealous rivalry of the one with the other.". 2 But for you who respect my name, the sun of vindication 4 will rise with healing wings, 5 and you will skip about 6 like calves released from the stall. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. This also is vanity and a striving after wind. The matter of complaint is that the skill developed in labour has no higher prerogative. The illustration hereby induced of the value of closer social connection of men and harmonious co-operation of their powers to one end (9–12) leads to the closing reflection; this is devoted to the distress and disaster of the highest circles of human society, acknowledging the fate even of the most favoured pets of fortune, such as the occupants of princely or kingly thrones, to be uncertain and liable to a reverse, and thus showing that. 7 ¶ Then I returned, and I saw a vanity under the sun. BibliographyHaydock, George Leo. The garment of righteousness, parti-coloured with all variety of graces, is a great eyesore to the wicked, and makes the saints maligned. "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". BibliographyWhedon, Daniel. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/ecclesiastes-4.html. The root meaning of the word is “thus pointing to what is hidden in the distant future or in the distant past.”[1] Therefore, in some passages the word refers to something in the distant past or future. 4 A time to weep, and a time to laugh; a time to mourn, and a time to dance; BibliographyBullinger, Ethelbert William. 1859. BibliographyBenson, Joseph. Several interpreters think that hero all distinctions are traced back to the principle of rivalry. The pains that men take to do right works. Ecclesiastes 1:4 (NAS95S) The Hebrew word that is translated as “forever” is HOLAM. Is it not as accurate a delineation of our life as it could be of any ancient form of life? Industries, or Hebrew, "righteous actions." The only effect of that would be to ruin ourselves. So shall thy poverty come as one that travelleth, and thy want as an armed man.". "Then I saw all labor, and every skillful work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbor. (4) Right work.—Rather, skilful. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Every right work; all the worthy designs and complete works of wise and virtuous men. Ecclesiastes 4:14 leads us through that poor and wise child coming out of prison to become king after that old and foolish king. "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/ecclesiastes-4.html. Used by Permission. "[6] In this understanding of it, the fool's eating his own flesh would mean the same as the common saying that, "He was eating his heart out with envy.". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/ecclesiastes-4.html. 2 Therefore I praised the dead who have been long dead more than the living who are yet alive. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/heg/ecclesiastes-4.html. Ecclesiastes 4:4. 2. Ecclesiastes 4:3. Copyright StatementThese files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed. 4:4 Again, I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbour. "And I have seen that every labor and every skill which is done is the result of rivalry between a man and his neighbor. "Expositor's Bible Commentary". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". II. John Trapp Complete Commentary. Ecclesiaste 4:4 E ho visto che ogni fatica e ogni buona riuscita nel lavoro provocano invidia dell’uno contro l’altro. This too is meaningless, a chasing after the wind. This is also vanity and vexation of spirit. 4:5 The fool foldeth his hands together, and eateth his own flesh. 1 To every thing there is a season, and a time to every purpose under the heaven:. BibliographyTorrey, R. A. This also is a vanity and a striving after wind. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". 4. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855. 1871-8. The Ecclesiastes 4: 1 Then I returned and saw all the oppressions that are done under the sun: and, behold, the tears of those who were oppressed, and they had no comforter; and on the side of their oppressors there was power; but they had no comforter. ECCLES 4:5 The fool foldeth his hands together, and eateth his own flesh. 4 And I saw that all toil and all achievement spring from one person’s envy of another. Two are always better than one (BDB 25) and three better than two (cf. It is of course better to be envied than pitied, but still envy with all the hostile and pernicious acts flowing therefrom, and which frequently bring about the ruin of their object, is a great evil, and it is no small consolation for a man who, like Israel at the time, finds himself in an unenviable position, to know that he is not exposed to this torment. He had never come to the Light. This constitutes a part of the vain and empty system of human life. 1685. New International Version (NIV), Upgrade to Bible Gateway Plus, and access the, Ecclesiastes 4:4 in all English translations, NIV, Beautiful Word Bible Journal, Romans, Comfort Print, NIV, Quest Study Bible, Comfort Print: The Only Q and A Study Bible, NIV, Story of Jesus: Experience the Life of Jesus as One Seamless Story, NIV, The Story: The Bible as One Continuing Story of God and His People, NIV, Biblical Theology Study Bible, Comfort Print: Follow God’s Redemptive Plan as It Unfolds throughout Scripture. vexation, &c. = feeding on wind. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/ecclesiastes-4.html. The book contains philosophical speeches by a character called '(the) Qoheleth' (="the Teacher"), composed probably between 5th to 2nd century BCE. Hengstenberg translates skill. Ecclesiastes 4:1 So I returned, and considered all the oppressions that are done under the sun: and behold the tears of [such as were] oppressed, and they had no comforter; and on the side of their oppressors [there was] power; but they had no comforter. Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. This is also vanity and vexation of spirit. Who, in consequence of this very wealth, run the risk of falling into a helpless, joyless, and isolated condition, destitute of friends and adherents, IV. And though there is no end to his labor, his eyes are still not content with his wealth: "For whom do I toil and bereave my soul of enjoyment?" BibliographyPoole, Matthew, "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". In Isaiah 11:13, קנאת אפרים is the jealousy felt by Ephraim of Judah, who was preferred: in Ecclesiastes 9:6, of this book, envy is conjoined with hatred. Not the same word as in Ecclesiastes 1:13; Ecclesiastes 2:23, Ecclesiastes 2:26; Ecclesiastes 3:10; Ecclesiastes 4:8; Ecclesiastes 5:14. every right work = all the dexterity in work. 3 A time to kill, and a time to heal; a time to break down, and a time to build up;. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/ecclesiastes-4.html. 1854-1889. But idleness is a sin that is its own punishment. Copyright StatementThe Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament is a derivative of a public domain electronic edition. In this paragraph the author returns to the question that he asked in Ecclesiastes 1:3, "What does man have to show for all his trouble"? That for this a man is envied of his neighbour.] The Graec. There is an oppression that comes on good men from the worldly men. BibliographyCoffman, James Burton. The word rendered "right" is kishron (see on Ecclesiastes 2:21), and means rather "dexterity," "success." "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". Solomon is speaking here, as if that life was not breathed into him, and he was a baby who never lived. Then I saw all the labor and achievement that is the envy of a man's neighbor. Is envied of his neighbour; instead of that honour and recompence which he deserves, he meets with nothing but envy and obloquy, and many evil fruits thereof. - Secondly, success meets with envy, and produces no lasting good to the worker; yet, however unsatisfactory the result, man must continue to labor, as idleness is ruin. With increased force of expression the author here says that it is better not to have been born at all than to live. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". Ver. "is done is the result of rivalry"-"that the basic motive for success is the driving force of envy and jealousy" (Tay). It aggravates the baseness of the envy, that it is on the part of one's own neighbour. In order to avoid envy we may not throw ourselves into the arms of inactivity. Then further, the connection with Ecclesiastes 4:5-6 is decisive against this view. 4. Scripture: Ecclesiastes 4:9-12. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/ecclesiastes-4.html. The Ecclesiastes 4: 1 So I returned, and considered all the oppressions that are done under the sun: and behold the tears of such as were oppressed, and they had no comforter; and on the side of their oppressors there was power; but they had no comforter. 4 And I saw that all toil and all achievement spring from one person’s envy of another. The verb also is frequently used to denote envy or jealousy of advantages. Among the examples in proof of the imperfection and inconstancy of earthly happiness which the Preacher communicates in the above section from the rich treasures of his own experience we find the relation of an ascending grade from lower to higher and more brilliant conditions of happiness.

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